Article published by Shreya Dasgupta Scientists have discovered a large nursery of octopus mothers some 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) deep in the Pacific Ocean.The octopuses are an unknown species of the genus Muusoctopus, a group of deep-sea octopuses generally known to lead solitary lives.The octopuses and their eggs will likely not survive, researchers say, because the animals are exposed to warmer temperatures than they are used to.But the presence of this large, “suicidal” population of octopuses suggests that there must be many more octopuses living in cooler, more livable crevices on the seafloor, researchers add. Scientists exploring a patch of the seafloor some 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) deep inside the Pacific Ocean have accidentally stumbled upon a large nursery of octopus mothers.A team of geochemists had gone looking for warm water seeping out of cracks on the Dorado Outcrop, an expanse of rocky seafloor made of cooled lava from an underwater volcano, located about 250 kilometers (155 miles) west of Costa Rica.The researchers did find the warm seeps, but they also discovered hundreds of purple octopuses clustered around those seeps, nearly all of them guarding a clutch of eggs. When the researchers returned the next year in 2014, they saw the same thing: octopuses with eggs huddled around a network of cracks on the rocky bottom.“The focus of [our] expeditions to Dorado Outcrop was to study a cool hydrothermal system. In doing so, we discovered this fascinating congregation of brooding octopuses,” Geoffrey Wheat of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, said in a statement. “To maximize the scientific return of the expeditions, we shared the video with deep-sea biologists, whose research led to this publication.”Footage of this unusual octopus assembly surprised Janet Voight, associate curator of zoology at the Field Museum in Chicago, U.S.“When I first saw the photos, I was like ‘No, they shouldn’t be there! Not that deep and not that many of them,’” Voight said. “To my knowledge there had been no reports of octopuses at this or comparable depths off between southern California and Peru.”One of the Muusoctopus octopuses studied by the researchers. Image by Phil Torres and Geoff Wheat.Voight and her colleagues identified the octopuses as an unknown species of the genus Muusoctopus, a group of deep-sea octopuses generally known to lead solitary lives. Deep-sea octopuses are also known to live in cold waters, rich in oxygen. But near the warm seeps, the octopuses were exposed to temperatures higher than they were used to.The warm water poses a problem for the octopuses, Voight and her colleagues write in a new study published in Deep Sea Research Part I. The warmer temperature increases the metabolic rate of octopuses, which makes them need more oxygen than the warm water can provide. In such a hostile environment, the octopuses are likely to meet a tragic end, the researchers say.None of the 186 octopus eggs that the researchers closely observed showed any evidence of a developing embryo, for example, and the octopuses themselves showed signs of severe stress.“As the embryos start to develop from fertilized cells, they’re increasing their oxygen use … and they’re confronted with less oxygen available,” Voight told Discover magazine. “I don’t see how they can possibly survive.”But it’s not all bleak. Octopus mothers breed just once, and spend the rest of their lives protecting their clutch of eggs until they hatch. Voight thinks that the presence of this large, “suicidal” population of octopus suggests that there must be many other octopuses living in cooler, more livable crevices and fissures on the seafloor that “replace the dying mothers and eggs that we can see.”Voight added that the scientists had sometimes observed octopus arms peeking out from the cracks in the rock, pointing toward signs of an unseen population.“Never would I have anticipated such a dense cluster of these animals at 3,000 meters depth, and we argue that the numbers of octopuses we see are simply the surplus population,” Voight said.Wheat added: “This is only the third hydrothermal system of its type that has been sampled, yet millions of similar environments exist in the deep sea. What other remarkable discoveries are waiting for us?”Three octopus arms emerge from a hole in the basalt rock of the Dorado Outcrop. Image by Anne Hartwell.Group of brooding octopuses on the ocean floor. Image by Phil Torres and Geoff Wheat.Citation:Hartwell, A.M., Voight, J.R. and Wheat, C.G. (2018) Clusters of deep-sea egg-brooding octopods associated with warm fluid discharge: An ill-fated fragment of a larger, discrete population? Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. Animals, Biodiversity, Conservation, Deep Sea, Environment, Green, Happy-upbeat Environmental, Marine, Marine Animals, Marine Biodiversity, Marine Conservation, New Species, Oceans, Research, Species Discovery, Wildlife Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
4 September 2012 The recent violence at the mining town of Marikana is not a reflection of the business environment in South Africa, says the inter-ministerial committee established to deal with tragedy. Thirty-four people were killed in clashes with the police at Marikana near Rustenburg in South Africa’s North West province on 16 August. Prior to this, 10 other people – including two police officers – were killed in nearly a week of fighting between rival worker factions. “We would like to reassure all stakeholders and the international community that mining operations continue unhindered in other parts of the North West province and throughout the country,” the committee said in a statement on Monday. The government remained in control of the situation and law and order continued to prevail, it said. “The country continues to fully support direct investment, and appropriate incentives and the legislative framework are in place to give confidence and predictability to investment decisions and security of tenure.” The committee said the Marikana tragedy had not affected South Africa’s ability to attract investors. “As government, we are doing all in our power to make sure what happened does not happen again. “We would like to emphasise the inextricability of stability of investment and the seamless implementation of the Mining Charter with particular regard to social and labour programmes.” The committee said more work still needed to be done in the area of social investment in the country’s mining communities and in improving the living conditions of mineworkers to mitigate the unfavourable material conditions that gave rise to tragedies such as Marikana. Labour Minister Mildred Oliphant, who has been tasked with dealing with the Marikana labour dispute, has been meeting with the different labour unions active at the mine. She has also met with platinum and gold producers, the National Union of Mine Workers and the Chamber of Mines in an effort to find solutions to the instability. Following the Marikana tragedy, President Jacob Zuma instituted a judicial commission of inquiry to investigate the events and circumstances leading up to the outbreak of violence at Marikana. The commission has been given four months to complete its work and report back to Zuma. Source: SANews.gov.za
Andrew Reichman, analyst at Forrester Research has put together cost savings ideas for IT managers facing tough budget constraints.His focus is on Storage. Storage can on average eat up 11 percent of an enterprise’s IT budget.In Reichman’s report called “Five Key Storage Strategies for a Down Economy“, he recommends the following:Negotiate. The storage market is competitive. Seek bids from multiple vendors.Waste Not. Study and find applications locking up more storage space than they need. Consider storage virtualization.Audit the number of backups and replications. Reichman reports that it’s not that uncommon to have 10 copies of the same data. Is it necessary?Study the technology. Storage changes quickly. Low cost options that offer good performance include iSCSI, NFS protocol, and direct-attached storage.Try to minimize the number of tiers of storage. Having too many can be expensive and hard to manage. Again cheap, dense, good-performing disks can minimize the need for tiering and buying expensive hardware.
Wolves scout Lyngby youngster Frederik Wintherby Paul Vegas3 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLyngby youngster Frederik Winther is being watched by Wolves.Ekstra Bladet says Wolves had a scout posted to watch the 18 year-old in action against Brondby.The talented defender has impressed with Lyngby this season.A January move for Winther is being considered by Wolves, though they’ll face competition.RB Leipzig and Salzburg are also watching the teen. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
MONTREAL – Transcontinental Inc. (TSX:TCL.B) is selling its 50 per cent stake in a Montreal firm specializing in digital media monitoring for an undisclosed price.Printing company Transcontinental said it and the founders of media monitoring firm CEDROM-SNi Inc. are selling the company to CNW Group, owned by Chicago-based media software and press release distribution company Cision, Ltd.No financial details were released in the deal to buy the firm from Transcontinental, which bought half of the company in 1996 according to its website, and its founders, who own the other half.Transcontinental says in a news release the company employs about 110 people in Montreal and in satellite offices in Quebec City, Ottawa, Toronto and Paris.CEDROM-SNi president Francois Aird says the sale ensures the sustainability of a Quebec company created almost 30 years ago.The company being purchased offers media monitoring and analytical services to large companies, government agencies, media and advertising and public relations agencies through Eureka.cc in Canada, and its European counterpart, Europresse.com in France.In April, Transcontinental announced a plan to sell 93 local and regional newspapers and their related web properties in Quebec and Ontario, part of a longer-term plan to reduce non-core media assets.”
Suzuki after it slowly rolled into Police Cruiser. Photo by John Luke Kieper.Grey Pontiac. Photo by John Luke Kieper.One person involved in the crash was transported to hospital by an ambulance.RCMP have closed the intersection of 96a Street and 93rd Avenue and are asking residents to stay clear of the area until they advise otherwise.Updates on the crash and when the intersection will open up again will come shortly. FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – A car crash occurred today at the intersection of 96a Street and 93rd Avenue.The crash occurred some time around 12:45 p.m. in front of the Pomeroy Sport Centre.Two vehicles were involved in the crash, one a White Suzuki JLX and the other was a grey Pontiac. The Suzuki slowly rolled into an RCMP cruiser after the incident.
At home, the survey found that 70 percent of Canadians prefer Canadian oil and natural gas to imports from other countries, and among those with an opinion, 52 percent believe Canada’s energy is the safest and most responsibly produced in the world.On a global level, 71 percent and 52 percent believe natural gas and oil, respectively, will meet future energy demands.The full survey report can be found online at globalenergypulse.com. CALGARY, A.B. – According to a recent international research survey, Canada still comes out on top when it comes to being the world’s preferred supplier of oil and natural gas.The survey ‘2019 Global Energy Pulse’ by Ipsos, conducted on behalf of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, found that respondents from 31 countries chose Canada as their number one oil and natural gas exporter among the world’s top 11 energy-exporting nations.According to the survey, Canada’s upstream resource industry was rated highly on innovation and use of cutting-edge technology aimed at minimizing environmental impacts.
Home teams are in bold.The scoring system is nonlinear, so readers’ average points don’t necessarily match the number of points that would be given to the average reader prediction. One of the most wonderfully ironic moments in Super Bowl history happened just before kickoff in February 2002, when St. Louis Rams wide receiver Ricky Proehl turned to NFL Films’ cameras during warmups and declared: “Tonight, a dynasty is born!”Proehl was right, of course. A dynasty was born that night — just not the one he was imagining. Tom Brady and the New England Patriots ended up toppling the heavily favored Rams in Super Bowl XXXVI, using it as a springboard for the greatest run of sustained success any NFL team has ever known.The Patriots were the up-and-coming team back then, while the Rams were the established champions with the veteran, future Hall of Fame quarterback. This time around, though, the roles will be reversed for the two franchises — with the Patriots serving as the elder statesmen, while the Rams are the team on the rise. It’s a fitting turnabout, one featuring what the Elias Sports Bureau determined was the largest gap in age between both starting quarterbacks (Tom Brady is 17 years and 72 days older than Jared Goff) and head coaches (Bill Belichick is 33 years and 283 days older than Sean McVay) in Super Bowl history.The Rams opened the betting Sunday night as slight favorites with some sportsbooks (so yes, you can say you were an underdog, Tom), though that didn’t last long. A flood of bets for the Patriots pushed the line to favor New England by 2½ points, according to the current consensus in Vegas. Here’s what our Elo ratings think about the matchup, using both the classic version from our interactive and one with the experimental quarterback adjustments we’ve been tinkering with: How did L.A. do it? The cornerstones of the 2018 team — Goff, DT Aaron Donald and RB Todd Gurley2Well, during the regular season, at least. Gurley has been something of a nonfactor in the playoffs, particularly against the Saints in the NFC title game. — were all drafted by the club from 2014 to 2016. But general manager Les Snead did his best work over the 2017 and 2018 offseasons, snagging the majority of the current team’s other starters either via the draft or in a flurry of win-now moves that mostly look smart in hindsight. The other key ingredient was coaching, where (with a few weird exceptions on Sunday) McVay has shown a fantastic knack for incorporating analytical thinking into his play-calling, and he remains the master of keeping defenses off-balance by running almost all of his plays out of the same personnel package. While there are very legitimate questions as to whether Goff or Gurley could be as successful in a different system, the pair has powered a Super Bowl run under McVay’s scheme.Each team needed luck to get here, too. The Rams likely wouldn’t be headed to Atlanta without a blown pass-interference call that kept New Orleans from running down most of the clock in regulation, instead giving L.A. the chance to force overtime and eventually win the game. The Patriots benefited from a phantom roughing-the-passer penalty and a (legitimate) offside call that negated what would have been a game-ending interception, then rattled off what felt like a million straight third-and-long conversions in overtime. But there isn’t a single Super Bowl team in history that didn’t have big moments when fortune smiled on it. You have to be lucky and good to win a championship, and these teams fit both criteria.Now, they’ll get a chance to battle on the game’s biggest stage. Will a new dynasty be born? Or will an old one keep rolling? Will the new Greatest Show on Turf avenge the old one? Or will Belichick draw up another brilliant game plan to shut down this latest version? Either way, it should be a fitting way to end one of the most entertaining NFL seasons in a while.FiveThirtyEight vs. the readersAs you prepare for the Super Bowl, be sure to check out FiveThirtyEight’s NFL predictions page, which uses our Elo ratings to simulate the game 100,000 times, tracking how likely each team is to win. You can also make your Super Bowl pick against the Elo algorithm in our prediction game and make one last bid to climb up our giant leaderboard.According to data from the game, here’s how readers did against the computer last weekend: Standard EloQB-Adjusted Elo OUR PREDICTION (ELO)READERS’ PREDICTION The Patriots still somehow have two very important components from that original Super Bowl against the Rams: Brady and Belichick. At age 41, Brady had his worst passing numbers in several years, yet he also was still a top-10 QB (at worst), a Pro Bowler and — it bears emphasizing — impossibly productive for his age. All of that came despite throwing to a revolving-door cast of receivers and a less-dominant version of longtime security blanket Rob Gronkowski. All told, Brady led an offense that still ranked fourth in scoring and eighth in expected points added, albeit with a lower per-game EPA average than any Pats team with Brady as starter since 2013.For Belichick’s part, this season saw his Patriots improve significantly on defense, jumping from 24th in EPA in 2017 to seventh in 2018. Although New England tied for the second-fewest sacks in the league, it generated the third-most pressure (according to ESPN’s Stats & Information Group), forced the second-lowest completion percentage and generally was the best Patriots pass defense in a while. And this team was also a celebration of Belichick the (de facto) general manager: In addition to shrewd veteran acquisitions such as CB Stephon Gilmore and LB Kyle Van Noy, a large share of the Pats’ production came from draft picks made over the past few years, including DLs Trey Flowers and Malcom Brown, OLs Shaq Mason and Joe Thuney, and rookie RB Sony Michel.1Undrafted free agent C David Andrews should probably fit into this group as well. All of those pickups helped fuel a Pats roster that still relied heavily on Brady to work his magic but also blocked well and played sound defense. NO64%NO62%LAR 26, NO 23-4.6– Elo’s smartest conference championship picksAverage difference between points won by readers and by Elo in Week 20 matchups in FiveThirtyEight’s NFL prediction game NE1686531645Tom Brady+4254 Elo quarterback adjustments are relative to average, based on a rolling average of defense-adjusted QB stats (including rushing).Source: Pro-Football-Reference.com OK, Elo — who ya got in the Super Bowl?Win probabilities for Week 21 games according to two methods: standard Elo and adjusting for starting quarterbacks KC61KC59NE 37, KC 31-7.1– After a divisional weekend in which all the home teams won, both home squads lost their conference championship games for just the fifth time in the Super Bowl era. Elo tends to love home teams, especially in the playoffs, so you might think that would be bad news for its picks. (Indeed, the average probability set by the reader was closer to picking the road team than Elo’s default probabilities.) However, Elo still came out ahead on net points because more individual readers made extreme picks in favor of the Saints and Chiefs, costing the field points on average. It’s an instructive example of something we discussed back in Week 9 — that, because of the nonlinear scoring system in our contest, overly confident picks can really wreak havoc on your point totals. When in doubt, set a conservative probability! (Unless, say, you are in 59th place going into the Super Bowl and need a Hail Mary to move up the rankings. Know anybody like that?)Congratulations are in order to reader Deryl Mundell, who leapfrogged long-standing leaderboard-toppers Neil Mehta and Greg Chili Van Hollebeke to claim first place on the season, checking in with 1,202.5 points. Deryl is also our No. 1 (identified) player on the postseason, with 294.2 points since the playoffs started. Thanks to everyone who has been playing — and the game isn’t over yet! You now have one last chance to make your Super Bowl pick. Make it count! TeamRatingWin Prob.Base RtgStarting QBQB Adj.Win Prob. LAR166747%1656Jared Goff+446% The Patriots’ run wasn’t always easy, of course. The 2018 edition had the second-worst points per game differential and lowest Elo rating of the franchise’s Super Bowl-bound squads since … you guessed it, the 2001 team. But maybe that’s just further proof that everything truly has come full circle in New England. They’re certainly hoping the story ends the same way this time around.As for these current Rams, they are not too dissimilar from their Greatest Show on Turf forebears, either. Los Angeles outscored opponents by 143 total points in the regular season (third-best in football) and got high marks in every power ranking out there, including Elo (which ranks them No. 2), Football Outsiders’ Defense-adjusted Value Over Average (No. 2), ProFootballFocus’s rankings (No. 2), Jeff Sagarin’s ratings (No. 2), Andy Dolphin’s predictive rating (No. 3) and Pro-Football-Reference.com’s Simple Rating System (No. 3). Though they never actually ranked first in Elo at any point during the season, the Rams were consistently one of the game’s top contenders all year long.And they got that way just about as quickly as those fabled 1999 Rams, who went 4-12 the year before Kurt Warner and Marshall Faulk changed the franchise’s fortunes forever. The 2018 season culminated a remarkable two-year turnaround arc under soon-to-be-33-year-old coach Sean McVay, who took L.A. from a 4-12 disaster in 2016 under former coach Jeff Fisher to an 11-5 record last year, and now a Super Bowl. Over that span, the Rams went from an Elo rating of 1346 to 1667, a gain of 321 Elo points. Only four other Super Bowl teams in history have gained more rating points from the end of two seasons prior to the start of the big game itself — the 1998 Atlanta Falcons (+368), 1981 San Francisco 49ers (+360), 1992 Dallas Cowboys (+357) and 1971 Miami Dolphins (+339). Even the ’99 Rams had “only” gained 246 points of Elo from the end of 1997, though they do own the largest single-season gain ever for a Super Bowl team. PICKWIN PROB.PICKWIN PROB.ResultREADERS’ NET PTS Check out our latest NFL predictions.
Then-sophomore Nichelle Prince (7) fights for a ball during a match Oct. 24, 2014 against Iowa at Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium. Credit: Lantern File PhotoJunior forward Nichelle Prince has already made a splash for the No. 17 Ohio State women’s soccer team (3-0-1) in its four opening matches, scoring two goals. The Ajax, Ontario, native’s junior year is off to an exciting start as she was just named Big Ten Offensive Player of the Week after her overtime game-winning goal against then-No. 8 Florida on Aug. 23. The forward said she approached the honor humbly and with confidence moving forward.“It’s obviously a big honor to be able to be named Big Ten Offensive Player of the Week and have those titles, but I think it is a lot about how I can contribute to my team and how I can get better every week,” she said.Prince said she feels as though she carries much more responsibility on and off the field as an upperclassman.“I’m a junior now, so I think I have a lot more influence on the field, and I just want to make sure that everyone feels a part of the team,” she said. “Hopefully I can spread my knowledge to younger players.”Prince said she started playing soccer when she was 4 years old.“The first time I went, my parents were driving me, and I was begging for them to take me home,” she said, “But as soon as I got on the field I loved it and I’ve played ever since.” As Prince’s career continued through childhood and into her high school years, she then faced the decision of choosing where she would play her collegiate career.“I could see myself living here for four years and growing up here. It wasn’t all about soccer, it was a lot about the atmosphere,” Prince said about what drew her to OSU.Prince’s soccer career at OSU has seen its share of ups and downs. As a freshman, Prince saw action in all 20 games, being named second team All-Big Ten as well as earning a spot on the Big Ten All-Freshman team. She collected three Big Ten Freshman of the Week honors, as well as ranking fifth in the conference for goals and points. She was unable to duplicate that level of success as a sophomore. Prince started only 10 matches due to a leg injury that kept her out of the season’s first nine contests. Prince’s teammates are glad to have her back on the pitch.“Having Nichelle back and fully healthy gives our team a lot of confidence. It’s awesome being able to play up top with her again,” junior forward Lindsay Agnew said. Prince and the rest of the women’s soccer team are scheduled to be back in action on Thursday as they host Florida International at 7:30 p.m. at Jesse Owens Memorial Stadium.